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雅思写作 TASK-2 常见的十大话题及 200 个相关分类词汇

2020-07-20

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雅思写作 TASK-2 常见的十大话题及 200 个相关分类词汇


一. 教育 (education)
学校教育 schooling
家庭教育 upbringing (parenting)
远程教育 tele-education
素质教育 quality-oriented education
小(中、大)学教育 primary(secondary, tertiary) education
男女同校 co-education(segregated education)
获取知识 acquire knowledge
传授知识 impart( inculcate) knowledge
灌输高尚的道德观 instill high moral values
教学方法 teaching method
学习成绩 academic performance
受过良好教育 well-educated
学科 discipline
专业知识 expertise
死记硬背 learn things by rote
创造力 creativity
塑造性格 shape(mould) one’s character
学生的反馈 students’ feedback(input)
评价老师的教学 evaluate teachers’ performance

理论知识 theoretical knowledge


二. 现代科技和大众媒体(modern science and mass media)
信息时代 information age(era)
不断进步的技术 advancing technology
跟上科学的发展 keep ahead of scientific advances
获取最新的信息 acquire the latest messages
做些厌倦和复杂的工作 do some tiring(drudgery)and complicated work
大众媒体 mass media
信息量大的 informative
缺乏感情交流 be lack of emotional exchanges
新闻报道 coverage
了解国内外发生的一切 learn what is happening at home and abroad
收视率 audience ratings
有教育意义的 instructive
接触不良信息 have access to (be exposed to )some negative information
有误导性的 misleading(misrepresented, distorted)
虚假广告 false (cheating) advertising
掩盖真相 mask (cover up, gloss up, whitewash)the truth
名人 celebrities
丑闻 scandal
侵犯隐私 violate(invade, infringe on, intrude on)one’s privacy

道德准则 code of ethics(conduct)


三、全球化及影响(globalisation and its effect)
经济全球化 economic globalisation
文化同一性 cultural uniformity
文化多元化 cultural diversity
文化冲击 cultural shock
主流文化 dominant culture
促进文化的融合 promote cultural integration
融入新的文化 merge into new culture
融入国际贸易 participate in the world trade
相互认同 mutual acceptance
双赢局面 win-win situation
接受不同的文化和价值观 embrace different cultures and values
开拓全球市场 explore the global market
扩大出口 expand export
吸引外资 attract foreign capital
面对面交流 face-to-face communication
友好和好客 be friendly and hospitable
变得西方化 become westernised
加大贫富差距 widen the gap between the rich and the poor
对国内企业构成威胁 pose threats to domestic enterprises

激怒当地人 irritate local people


四、文化与习俗` (culture and customs)
跨文化交流 cross-cultural communication
传统文化 traditional culture
文化同化 cultural assimilation
文化遗产 cultural heritage
文化习俗的象征 symbol of cultural customs
接受外来文化 embrace exotic culture
缩短文化差距 bridge cultural gaps
民族特性 national identity
民族自豪感 a sense of national pride
归属感 a sense of belonging
相互交流文化 exchange mutual culture
吸取精华,去其糟粕 absorb the essence and discard the dross
旅游观光的风景区 tourist attraction
风土人情 local customs and practices
促进当地经济的发展 boost the growth of local economy
和平共处 coexist in harmony
消除偏见和敌意 dispel(remove) prejudice and hostility
展示光辉灿烂的文化和悠久的历史 display the brilliant culture and long history
本土语言 indigenous language

不知不觉地消失 fade unconsciously


五.政府话题 (government)
有关当局 authorities concerned
政府投资 investment of the government
减少预算 cut budget
增加税收 increase revenues
消减开支 curtail expenditure on
经济援助 financial assistance
符合公众利益 be in keeping(line) with general interest
社会福利 social welfare
武器 arms(weapons, armaments)
基础设施 infrastructure
空间探索 space exploration
提高国际地位 upgrade the international status
人道主义援助 humanitarian aid
摆脱贫困 get rid of (shake off)poverty
医疗保健 health care system
健康的生活方式 healthy lifestyle
公共交通 public transport
丰富人们的精神生活 enrich people’s spiritual life
高尚的精神追求 lofty spiritual pursuit

视觉享受 visual enjoyment


六、犯罪话题(crime)
犯罪分子 criminal
犯罪 commit a crime
滋生犯罪 breed crimes
青少年犯罪率上升 a rising juvenile delinquency rate
有罪 be guilty of
社会安全和稳定 social security and stability
暴力和色情 violence and pornography
抵挡不住诱惑 fail to resist the lure
误入歧途 go astray (lead somebody astray)
惩罚 give punishment
关进监狱 put into prison
宠爱孩子 spoil the child
家长的溺爱 parental permissiveness (excessive care)
单亲家庭 single-parent family
家庭暴力 domestic violence
缺乏家庭关爱 the lack of parental love
监护人 guardian (supervisor, custodian)
监管不严 slack supervision
分辨是非 distinguish right from wrong

净化社会环境 purify the social environment


七、动物话题(animal)
栖息地 habitat
保持生态平衡 maintain the ecological balance
保护濒危的动物物种 preserve endangered animal species
营养物 nutrient(nourishment)
均衡饮食 a balanced diet
拿动物做实验 perform experiments on animals (subject animals to experimentation)
活体解剖 vivisection
逃脱不了被残杀的厄运 cannot escape the adversity of being killed
剥夺动物的生存权利 deprive the survival(existent) rights of animals
染上传染病 contract (catch)some infectious disease
电脑模拟 computer simulation
破坏自然环境(平衡)destroy(disrupt) natural environment (balance)
濒临灭绝 border on extinctionbe in imminent danger of extinction(dying out), be on the verge
of extinction
满足人们的胃口 satisfy people’s appetite
素食主义者 vegetarianantivivisectionist
陪伴某人 keep somebody company
忠实和温顺的伴侣 loyal and obedient companion
消除孤独 dispel (reduce)one’s loneliness
孩子的替代 surrogate(substitute)for children

预防接种 inoculation


八、环境保护 (environmental protection)
环境污染 environmental pollution
污染严重 highly polluted
有毒的烟雾 poisonous smoke
废气(液)waste gas(liquid)
二氧化碳 carbon dioxide
倒垃圾 dump rubbish
乱扔垃圾 litter rubbish everywhere
浪费自然资源 squander natural resource
不卫生的做法 unsanitary practice
无污染的燃料 pollution-free fuel
回收垃圾 recycle rubbish
垃圾的处理 disposal of rubbish
自然进化过程 a natural evolutionary process
适者生存 survival of the fittest
毁林 deforestation
不可弥补的损失 irreparable damage
生态灾祸 ecological disaster
自然选择 natural selection
水资源缺乏 water shortage, the scarcity of water resource in need of water water waste
( resources, pollution)

节约用水 save (economise)water


九、平等(inequality)
1.男女平等 gender equality (equality between the sexes)
男女生来就平等 men and woman are born equal
男女搭配,干活不累 when men and woman work together, neither of them will feel tired
性别(公开)歧视 sexual (overt)discrimination
离婚率 divorce rate
经济独立 be financially independent
享受平等的权利 enjoy(share) equal rights
女性擅长护理,艺术和语言 show more talents than men in nursing, arts and language There is no
need for them to get super well-groomed
追求事业 pursue a career
具有同样资格 be equally qualified
与男性享有同样的权利 share the same right as men
特权 privilege
自尊 self-respect(esteem)
为妇女保留高水平工作比例 reserve a percentage of high-level jobs for females
2.工资平等
高工资 high salary differential between salaries
拥有财富的量 owe the amount of monetary wealth
对做出很大贡献 make great contributions to
付出更多的努力 exert more efforts than
创造财富 create wealth

评价社会地位 value social status


十、社会生活(social life)
人才流动 personnel flow
雄心壮志的 be ambitious(aspirant)
展示才能 display one’s talent
学会竞争与合作 learn to compete and cooperate
人际交往技能 interpersonal skills
具有挑战性的工作 a challenging job
收入颇丰 a fat salary
丰富一个人的社会经历 enrich one’s social experience
展示一个人的才能 display one’s talent
提高某人能力 improve one’s capabilities
下岗 lay off
城市扩张 urban sprawl
涌进大城市 flood into large cities
监控摄像头 surveillance camera
缓解交通压力 ease the traffic pressure
人口激增 population explosion
第三产业 tertiary industry
更好的医疗服务 better medical services
保持身体健康 keep physical fitness
积极参加体育锻炼 be physically active(take an active part in physical exercises)

 

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